
Albert Einstein
18791955 
Germanborn theoretical physicist who formulated the special and general theories of relativity. Famous mass equivalence formulae of E=mc^{2}. Awarded the 1921 Nobel Prize for Physics. 

Alessandro Volta
17451827

Italian physicist best known for the development of the voltaic pile (battery). SI unit of voltage, the volt is named after him.


Alexander Graham Bell
18471922

Scottish scientist and inventor. Famous for his work on the telephone.


André Marie Ampère
17751836 
French physicist who worked on electromagnetism. The SI unit of current, the ampere is named after him. 

Benjamin Franklin
17061790

Founding Fathers of the United States, author, politician, printer, scientist, philosopher, publisher, inventor, civic activist, and diplomat. Invented the lightning rod and the famous kite experiment.


Charles Augustin de Coulomb
17361806

French physicist who pioneered research into friction and viscosity, the distribution of charge on surfaces and the laws of electrical and magnetic force.The SI unit of charge, the coulomb and Coulomb's law are named after him.


Charles Babbage
17911871

English mathematician, philosopher, mechanical engineer and computer scientist. Originated the idea of a programmable computer.


Charles Proteus Steinmetz
18651923 
American Mathematician and Electrical Engineer. Instrumental in developing theories of alternating current t and hysteresis. 

Claude Elwood Shannon
19162001 
American electrical engineer and mathematician. Founder of practical digital circuit design theory 

Enrico Fermi
19011954

Italian physicist noted for his work on the development of the first nuclear reactor. Awarded the 1938 Nobel Prize in Physics for his work on induced radioactivity. 

Frederick Winslow Taylor
18561915

American engineer who worked on improving efficiency, specifically in steel production. 

Georg Simon Ohm
17891854

German physicist having influence on the development of electrical theory, specifically Ohm’s Law. SI unit of resistance, the ohm is named after him.


George Westinghouse
18461914

American entrepreneur and engineer and founder of the Westinghouse company. Awarded the AIEE's Edison Medal ' in 1911 for achievement in connection with the alternating current system. 

Guglielmo Marconi
18741937

Italian inventor known for his development of a practical radiotelegraph system. Shared the 1909 Nobel Prize in Physics with Karl Ferdinand Braun. 

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff
18241887

German physicist who contributed to the fundamental understanding of electrical circuits. Famous for his two laws of circuit theory.


Hans Christian Oersted
17771851

Danish physicist and chemist. Known for discovering the relationship between electricity and magnetism (electromagnetism).


Harry Nyquist
18891976

Swedish engineer who carried out work on information theory, thermal noise ("JohnsonNyquist noise") and the stability of feedback amplifiers.


Hendrik Wade Bode
1905982

Pioneer of modern control theory. Widely known for developing the asymptotic magnitude and phase plot that bears his name.


Heinrich Hertz
18571894

German physicist who demonstrate the existence of electromagnetic waves. SI Unit of frequency, Hertz is named after Him.


Isaac Newton (Sir)
16431727

English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, alchemist, and natural philosopher. Three laws of motion and the groundwork for classical mechanics. Regarded by many as the greatest figure in the history of science.


Jack S. Kilby
1923June

American electrical engineer who cowon the Nobel Prize in physics in 2000. Inventor of the integrated circuit. 

James Clerk Maxwell
18311879

Scottish mathematical physicist. Formulated a set of equations on the basic laws of electricity and magnetism, called Maxwell's equations.


James Prescott Joule
18181889

English physicist who studied the heat, mechanical work and energy. Discovered the relation between current through a resistance and heat dissipated, now called Joule's law. SI unit of work, the joule is named after him 

James Watt
17361819

Scottish inventor and engineer. Implemented improvements to the steam engine which were fundamental to the Industrial Revolution. 

Jean Baptiste Joseph Fourier
1768 1830

French mathematician and physicist. Known for the Fourier series. The Fourier transform is also named in his honor. 

Johann Carl Friedrich Gauss
17771855

German mathematician and scientist. Contributed to number theory, analysis, differential geometry, geodesy, magnetism, astronomy and optics. Known as "the prince of mathematicians" and "greatest mathematician since antiquity".


Johann Christian Andreas Doppler
18031853

Austrian mathematician and physicist. Famous development of the Doppler effect. 

Johann Peter Gustav Lejeune Dirichlet
18051859

German mathematician credited with the modern "formal" definition of a function.


John Ambrose Fleming (Sir)
1849–1945

English electrical engineer and physicist. Invented the first vacuum tube and diode. Famous for the left hand rule (for electric motors).


John von Neumann
19031957n

Hungarianborn mathematician. Many contributions to quantum physics and mathematics. Pioneer of the modern digital computer von Neumann algebra.


Leonardo da Vinci
14521519

Italian mathematician, ,architect, anatomist, sculptor, engineer, inventor, musician, and painter. Famous for his paintings of the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper. Conceptually invented a helicopter, a tank, the use of concentrated solar power, a calculator, a rudimentary theory of plate tectonics, the double hull, and many others.


Leonhard Euler
1707 1783

Swiss mathematician and physicist. Considered to he preeminent mathematician of the 18th century and one of the greatest of all time


Ludwig Boltzmann
18441906

Austrian physicist famous for his contributions in the fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics. 

Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck
18581947

German physicist.Considered the founder of quantum theory. 

Michael Faraday
17911867 
English chemist and physicist. One of the best best experimentalist in the history of science, he is commonly regarded as the father of electrical engineering. SI unit of capacitance, the farad, Faraday constant and Faraday's law of induction are named after him.


Niels Bohr
18851962

Danish physicist. Made fundamental contributions to understanding atomic structure and quantum mechanics. 

Nikola Tesla
18561943

SerbAmerican inventor, physicist, mechanical engineer and electrical engineer. Significant contribution to alternating current, magnetism, polyphase power and the ac motor. SI unit measuring magnetic flux density, the tesla, is named after him.


Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac
19021984

British theoretical physicist . Founder of the field of quantum physics and formulated the “Dirac equation”. Shared the Nobel Prize in physics for 1933 with Erwin Schrödinger. 

PierreSimon Laplace
17491827

French mathematician and astronomer. Discoverer of Laplace's equation and the Laplace transform is named in honor


Robert N. Noyce
1927 1990

Nicknamed "the Mayor of Silicon Valley", cofounded Fairchild Semiconductor and Intel. Awarded the IEEE Medal of Honor in 1978 " for contributions to the silicon integrated circuit.


Samuel F. B. Morse
17911872

American inventor of the Morse Code. 

Satyendra Nath Bose
18941974

Indian physicist, best known for his work on quantum mechanics. He is honored with the naming of the boson.


Simeon Denis Poisson
17811840

French mathematician and physicist.


Thomas Alva Edison
18471931 
Prolific American inventor, with over 1,000 patents. Most famous for the development of the practical incandescent light bulb. Other notable achievements include the phonograph and advancements on the utility distribution and the motion picture industries. 

Vladimir Zworykin
18891982

A pioneer of television technology. 

Wilhelm Eduard Weber
18041891

German physicist who made significant contributions to wave theory, and electromagnetism. SI unit of magnetic flux, the weber, is named after him.


William B. Shockley
19101989

British physicist and inventor who coinvented the transistor. Awarded the 1956 Nobel Prize in Physics.


William D Coolidge
1873 1975

American physicist contributing to the development tungsten as filaments and the Coolidge tube.


William R. Hewlett
19132001

American engineer and cofounder of the HewlettPackard Company (HP).
