Large Hadron Collider 

By on

 

LargeHydronColliderJohnMcNab
Large Hadron Collider,
photo by John Nab
CERN (European Organization for Nuclear Research) is home to the Large Hadron Collider.  The 27 km, Euro 6 billion Collider lies on the border between France and Switzerland, took nearly 30 years to complete. 

 

Some of the lofty goals for the collider include the search for and investigation of the Higgs boson particle, dark energy, anti-mater, other dimensions and small black holes.  

hadron – subatomic particles made of quarks and held together by the strong force.  Best know are protons and neutrons, although there are many others.

An animated version of actual data of a proton collision event in 2010

 

How it works

Electric fields accelerate two beams of protons in opposite directions.  These fly around the 27 km loop thousands of times a second until they reach very nearly the speed of light.  The two beams are then directed into each other at the experiment points, where collisions occur. During these collisions, the kinetic energy of the protons is converted into mass and hopefully new particles of interest.

The various experiments measure and analyse these new particles; proving proposed theories or finding new things.

To fully understand the Collider and  how the Collider works the BBC have a really good and interesting interactive presentation (lots of graphics, details and videos)  at:

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/sci/tech/7543089.stm

Progress of Far

For the last two years and up until the end of 2012 the Collider has been working and will continue to.  During the period massive amounts of data are being collected which which needs on-going analysis. At the end of 2012 the Collider will be shut down in preparation for stating runs of higher energy in 2014.

Scientists are reported progress in understanding matter and investigations in to what happens immediately after the big bang – probably much of which is not understandable to most of us.

Concerning the existence (or non-existence) for the Higgs boson, this still remains unconfirmed.  On a more headline type note the Collider has identified a new particle known as an excited neutral Xi-b baryon further enhancing our understanding of particle physics.

Finally concerns voiced prior to stating operation of the Collider on the possibly of creating black holes which could be large enough to suck the earth in appear not to have come true.  Bit of good fortune for all of us. 

5 July 2012 – Update
Adding this update as yesterday it was announced the a particle consistent with that of the Higgs boson has been found. If proved, then all the hard work has paid off. Congratulations to the everyone involved in the project.
From the BBC - Higgs boson-like particle discovery claimed at LHC

The Android App

Possibly most of the existing discoveries are still to come from the on going work and analysing of data.  To keep up to date on these happening you can use the LHSee app for the android platform.

Written by Oxford university in collaboration with the ATLAS team at CERN, it provides lots of educational material and videos and keeps you updated on what happening with the Collider.

You can download the app by searching for LHSee at Google Play.

Visit CERN

cern
Globe of Science and Innovation at CERN

Recently I was in Geneva and took the opportunity to visit CERN.  If you are ever in the vicinity, it is well worth the trip.

There are some displays and hands on stuff as well as guided tours. You need to book the tours in advance on the CERN website.

You didn't get to see much of the actual machinery on the tour, but you do watch a couple of tour only videos and have a guide to ask questions off. We also visited the control room for the Atlas experiment.

Even without seeing the accelerator or experiment machinery, the museum and guided tour definitely give you a better understanding of what they are doing at CERN.



Steven McFadyen's avatar Steven McFadyen

Steven has over twenty five years experience working on some of the largest construction projects. He has a deep technical understanding of electrical engineering and is keen to share this knowledge. About the author

myElectrical Engineering

comments powered by Disqus

  1. rommel's avatar rommel says:
    9/1/2011 2:11 PM

    where does the term HADRON came from?

    • Steven's avatar Steven says:
      5/22/2012 6:50 AM

      I’ve added a brief definition of Hadron to the post.


Comments are closed for this post:
  • have a question or need help, please use our Questions Section
  • spotted an error or have additional info that you think should be in this post, feel free to Contact Us



Lightning Risk Assessment (IEC 62305)

IEC 62305 'Protection against lightning' requires a risk assessment be carried out to determine the characteristics of any lightning protection system...

Smarter Electrical Distribution

The other day I came across an article in Technology Review on the development of a smart transformer. A professor at North Carolina State University is...

Bows and Arrows

It starts with me reading one of the Horrible History books with my son (Groovy Greeks). Arrows were mentioned which lead to the discussion of the bodkin...

Introduction to Traction Substations

Following on from my post on railway electrification voltages, I thought an introduction to traction substations would be a good idea. Traction substations...

Post Authorship

In 2011, with the introduction of it’s Panda search ranking algorithms, Google introduced tools for determining the original author of posts.  The intention...

DC Motor Operation

Coils of wire on the rotor carry a d.c. current which generates a magnetic field. A stator magnetic field is created using either permanent magnets or...

Variable Frequency Drive

Variable frequency drives are widely used to control the speed of ac motors.  This note looks at the mechanisms which enable drive units to control the...

Battery Cars A to Z

Battery powered cars are a hot topic and widely debated. The pros, cons, issues and time frames can be talked about endlessly. An article by the Telegraph...

How to Size Power Cable Duct

Some colleagues had an issue earlier in the week on sizing conduits to be cast in concrete for some power cables . It became clear that none of us had...

Motor Insulation

Insulation on a motor prevents interconnection of windings and the winding to earth.  When looking at motors, it is important to understand how the insulation...

Have some knowledge to share

If you have some expert knowledge or experience, why not consider sharing this with our community.  

By writing an electrical note, you will be educating our users and at the same time promoting your expertise within the engineering community.

To get started and understand our policy, you can read our How to Write an Electrical Note