HTML Symbol Entities 

By on

HTML supports a variety of entity symbols which can be entered using either numbers or an entity name. The number or name is preceded by the ‘&’ sign and ends in a semi-colon (;). To enter a symbol switch to HTML view in the editor and enter the number or name (Ω for example).

Cut and past is also supported.  Select the symbol from this page, ‘ctrl C’ to copy.  Position the cursor in the editor and ‘ctrl V’ to paste.

Math Symbols

Character Entity Number Entity Name Description
∀ ∀ for all
∂ ∂ part
∃ ∃ exists
∅ ∅ empty
∇ ∇ nabla
∈ ∈ isin
∉ ∉ notin
∋ ∋ ni
∏ ∏ prod
∑ ∑ sum
− − minus
∗ ∗ lowast
√ √ square root
∝ ∝ proportional to
∞ ∞ infinity
∠ ∠ angle
∧ ∧ and
∨ ∨ or
∩ ∩ cap
∪ ∪ cup
∫ ∫ integral
∴ ∴ therefore
∼ ∼ similar to
≅ ≅ congruent to
≈ ≈ almost equal
≠ ≠ not equal
≡ ≡ equivalent
≤ ≤ less or equal
≥ ≥ greater or equal
⊂ ⊂ subset of
⊃ ⊃ superset of
⊄ ⊄ not subset of
⊆ ⊆ subset or equal
⊇ ⊇ superset or equal
⊕ ⊕ circled plus
⊗ ⊗ circled times
⊥ ⊥ perpendicular
⋅ ⋅ dot operator

Greek Letters

Character Entity Number Entity Name Description
Α Α Α Alpha
Β Β Β Beta
Γ Γ Γ Gamma
Δ Δ Δ Delta
Ε Ε Ε Epsilon
Ζ Ζ Ζ Zeta
Η Η Η Eta
Θ Θ Θ Theta
Ι Ι Ι Iota
Κ Κ Κ Kappa
Λ Λ Λ Lambda
Μ Μ Μ Mu
Ν Ν Ν Nu
Ξ Ξ Ξ Xi
Ο Ο Ο Omicron
Π Π Π Pi
Ρ Ρ Ρ Rho
Σ Σ Σ Sigma
Τ Τ Τ Tau
Υ Υ Υ Upsilon
Φ Φ Φ Phi
Χ Χ Χ Chi
Ψ Ψ Ψ Psi
Ω Ω Ω Omega
α α α alpha
β β β beta
γ γ γ gamma
δ δ δ delta
ε ε ε epsilon
ζ ζ ζ zeta
η η η eta
θ θ θ theta
ι ι ι iota
κ κ κ kappa
λ λ λ lambda
μ μ μ mu
ν ν ν nu
ξ ξ ξ xi
ο ο ο omicron
π π π pi
ρ ρ ρ rho
ς ς ς sigmaf
σ σ σ sigma
τ τ τ tau
υ υ υ upsilon
φ φ φ phi
χ χ χ chi
ψ ψ ψ psi
ω ω ω omega
ϑ ϑ ϑ theta symbol
ϒ ϒ ϒ upsilon symbol
ϖ ϖ ϖ pi symbol

Other Entities

Character Entity Number Entity Name Description
ΠΠΠcapital ligature OE
œ œ œ small ligature oe
Š Š Š capital S with caron
š š š small S with caron
Ÿ Ÿ Ÿ capital Y with diaeres
ƒ ƒ ƒ f with hook
ˆ ˆ ˆ modifier letter circumflex accent
˜ ˜ ˜ small tilde
    en space
    em space
    thin space
‌ ‌ zero width non-joiner
‍ ‍ zero width joiner
‎ ‎ left-to-right mark
‏ ‏ right-to-left mark
– – en dash
— — em dash
‘ ‘ left single quotation mark
’ ’ right single quotation mark
‚ ‚ single low-9 quotation mark
“ “ left double quotation mark
” ” right double quotation mark
„ „ double low-9 quotation mark
† † dagger
‡ ‡ double dagger
• • bullet
… … horizontal ellipsis
‰ ‰ per mille
′ ′ minutes
″ ″ seconds
‹ ‹ single left angle quotation
› › single right angle quotation
‾ ‾ overline
€ € euro
™ ™ trademark
← ← left arrow
↑ ↑ up arrow
→ → right arrow
↓ ↓ down arrow
↔ ↔ left right arrow
↵ ↵ carriage return arrow
⌈ ⌈ left ceiling
⌉ ⌉ right ceiling
⌊ ⌊ left floor
⌋ ⌋ right floor
◊ ◊ lozenge
♠ ♠ spade
♣ ♣ club
♥ ♥ heart
♦ ♦ diamond


ASCI Codes

In addition to HTML symbol entities, it is sometimes useful to be able to quickly enter symbols using ASCI codes. 

The enter a symbol using ASCI codes, press 'Alt' and type the code on the number keypad.

The following table lists some of the more useful codes for your posts:

Arrows Greek Other

↨ - 23, up and down arrow

↑ - 24, up arrow

↓ - 25, down arrow

→ - 26, right arrow

← - 27, left arrow

↔ - 29, left and right arrow

α - 224, Alpha

Γ - 226, Gamma

π - 227, Pi

Σ - 228, summation

σ - 229, Sigma

µ - 230, Mu

τ - 231, Tau

Φ - 232, Phi

Θ -233, Theta

Ω - 234, Omega

δ - 235, delta

∞ - 236, infinity

φ - 237, Phi

ε - 238, Epsilon

≡  - 240, equivalent symbol

± - 241, plus or minus

≥ - 242, greater or equal

≤ -243 less or equal

÷ - 246, division

≈ - 247 approximate

° - 248, degree symbol

√ - 251, square root

To enter Ω, press the ‘Alt’ key and enter 234 on the numeric keypad.

Steven McFadyen's avatar Steven McFadyen

Steven has over twenty five years experience working on some of the largest construction projects. He has a deep technical understanding of electrical engineering and is keen to share this knowledge. About the author

myElectrical Engineering

comments powered by Disqus

Write your best report

Years ago I was told that you should always try to write the best report you can.  Many years later I still think on this as one of the better pieces of...

Control Theory

Control theory looks at how systems work and are controlled from a mathematical view.  This note gives a brief introduction to some of the concepts – more...

Fault Calculations - Introduction

Fault calculations are one of the most common types of calculation carried out during the design and analysis of electrical systems. These calculations...

Fire Resistant and Fire Retardant Cables

Fire resistant and fire retardant cable sheaths are design to resist combustion and limit the propagation of flames. Low smokes cables have a sheath designed...

Switchboard - Forms of Internal Separation

IEC 61439 'Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear assemblies', specifies standard arrangements of switchboard (call forms of internal separation). The...

Cable Sizing Software

When sizing cables nearly, everyone uses some form of software. This ranges from homespun spreadsheets to complex network analyses software. Each has its...

Operational Amplifier

The fundamental component of any analogue computer is the operational amplifier, or op amp. An operational amplifier (often called an op-amp,) is a high...

How to Calculate Motor Starting Time

Request to look at induction motor starting time have come up a few times on the site. Hopefully in this post, I give you guys some idea on how to calculate...

Motor Starting - Introduction

Motor starting and its associated problems are well-known to many people who have worked on large industrial processes. However, these things are, of course...

Wiki Depreciation

We have had the Wiki with us for a long time now, but at last I have decided to say bye bye – more details on why below.

Have some knowledge to share

If you have some expert knowledge or experience, why not consider sharing this with our community.  

By writing an electrical note, you will be educating our users and at the same time promoting your expertise within the engineering community.

To get started and understand our policy, you can read our How to Write an Electrical Note