Resistors 

By on

Resistors
Resistors
Resistors are electronic components that oppose the flow of current. Manufactured in various types and ranges they have a wide application to electronics.

The relationship between voltage and current in a resistor is given by Ohm's Law:

 myElectrical Equation

 

Identification and Values

Colour Code

When inspecting resistors, the given value is either printed on the body is can be determined from the resistor colour code.

Resistor Colour Code
Example

ResistorCode

Red(2)Blue(6)Green(5)
=2600000
=2.6 MΩ

The first two bands are the value and the third band is a decimal multiplier (10x).

Black Brown Red Orange Yellow Green Blue Violet Grey White

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

 

 

The fourth band give the tolerance:

Gold Silver None

5%

10%

20%

For precision resistors, sometimes a five band colour coding is used – first three bands are the value, fourth band is the multiplier and the fifth band is the tolerance.

Preferred Values

Resistors are manufactured and specified in a range of preferred values. 

The table shows the range of preferred values:

10 12 15 18 22 27 33 39 47 56 68 82

Note: to obtain full range, multiply table by 10X

Circuit Arrangements

For more information on circuit arrangements and how to work these out, please see the following note:



Steven McFadyen's avatar Steven McFadyen

Steven has over twenty five years experience working on some of the largest construction projects. He has a deep technical understanding of electrical engineering and is keen to share this knowledge. About the author

myElectrical Engineering

comments powered by Disqus

  1. resistor's avatar resistor says:
    8/7/2012 7:58 PM

    There also exist 6 band resistors, where the 6th band often refers to the thermal coefficient. for more information on resistor color codes http://www.resistorguide.com/resistor-color-code

    • Steven's avatar Steven says:
      8/8/2012 12:59 PM

      Thanks for the information on the sixth band. Your site all about resistors is interesting; good luck with it.


Comments are closed for this post:
  • have a question or need help, please use our Questions Section
  • spotted an error or have additional info that you think should be in this post, feel free to Contact Us



1,000 kV UHV First for China

At the beginning of the year China put the world's first 1,000 kV UHV transmission system into operation. Transmitting power at over a million volts is...

Cable Sizing Tool

Our cable sizing tool is one of the more popular tools on the site.  The tool enables cables to be sized in compliance with BS 7671 (the IEE Wiring Regulations...

What is an Open Delta Transformer

In three phase systems, the use of transformers with three windings (or legs) per side is common.  These three windings are often connected in delta or...

Sony Pocket eBook Reader

For the past few years I have reading eBooks on my HTC touch phone. On and off I have debated buying an eReader and recently purchased a Sony PRS-300 ...

Motor Starting - Introduction

Motor starting and its associated problems are well-known to many people who have worked on large industrial processes. However, these things are, of course...

Voltage Levels – Confused?

I was having a conversation the other day about voltage levels.  While everyone was in agreement that low voltage was 1000 V and less, there was more confusion...

Mobile Phones (Brick to Implant)

The mobile phone was born in 1973. They were the size of a brick and weighed a couple of kg, making them difficult to fit into your pocket. At a few thousand...

How to Size Power Cable Duct

Some colleagues had an issue earlier in the week on sizing conduits to be cast in concrete for some power cables . It became clear that none of us had...

Fault Calculation - Per Unit System

Per unit fault calculations is a method whereby system impedances and quantities are normalised across different voltage levels to a common base.  By removing...

Hazardous Areas – IEC and NEC/CEC Comparison

Depending where in the world you work, you are likely following one of two standards International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) National...

Have some knowledge to share

If you have some expert knowledge or experience, why not consider sharing this with our community.  

By writing an electrical note, you will be educating our users and at the same time promoting your expertise within the engineering community.

To get started and understand our policy, you can read our How to Write an Electrical Note