ANSI (IEEE) Protective Device Numbering 

By on

The widely used United Sates standard ANSI/IEEE C37.2 'Electrical Power System Device Function Numbers, Acronyms, and Contact Designations' deals with protective device function numbering and acronyms.   Even in those parts of the world where IEC standards are predominate, the use of ANSI numbering for protective device functions is still common place.

Protective Device Numbers

Protective relays are commonly referred to by standard device numbers. For example, a time overcurrent relay is designated a 51 device, while an instantaneous overcurrent is a 50 device. Multifunction relays have combinations of device numbers. A 27/59 device, for example, is a combination under/over voltage relay. Letters can be added to clarify application (87T for transformer differential, 59G for ground overvoltage).

  • 1 – Master Element
  • 2 – Time Delay Starting or Closing Relay
  • 3 – Checking or Interlocking Relay
  • 4 – Master Contactor
  • 5 – Stopping Device
  • 6 – Starting Circuit Breaker
  • 7 – Rate of Change Relay
  • 8 – Control Power Disconnecting Device
  • 9 – Reversing Device
  • 10 – Unit Sequence Switch
  • 11 – Multi-function Device
  • 12 – Overspeed Device
  • 13 – Synchronous-speed Device
  • 14 – Underspeed Device
  • 15 – Speed – or Frequency, Matching Device
  • 16 – Data Communications Device
  • 17 – Shunting or Discharge Switch
  • 18 – Accelerating or Decelerating Device
  • 19 – Starting to Running Transition Contactor
  • 20 – Electrically Operated Valve
  • 21 – Distance Relay
  • 22 – Equalizer Circuit Breaker
  • 23 – Temperature Control Device
  • 24 – Volts Per Hertz Relay
  • 25 – Synchronizing or Synchronism-Check Device
  • 26 – Apparatus Thermal Device
  • 27 – Undervoltage Relay
  • 28 – Flame detector
  • 29 – Isolating Contactor or Switch
  • 30 – Annunciator Relay
  • 31 – Separate Excitation Device
  • 32 – Directional Power Relay
  • 33 – Position Switch
  • 34 – Master Sequence Device
  • 35 – Brush-Operating or Slip-Ring Short-Circuiting Device
  • 36 – Polarity or Polarizing Voltage Devices
  • 37 – Undercurrent or Underpower Relay
  • 38 – Bearing Protective Device
  • 39 – Mechanical Condition Monitor
  • 40 – Field (over/under excitation) Relay
  • 41 – Field Circuit Breaker
  • 42 – Running Circuit Breaker
  • 43 – Manual Transfer or Selector Device
  • 44 – Unit Sequence Starting Relay
  • 45 – Abnormal Atmospheric Condition Monitor
  • 46 – Reverse-phase or Phase-Balance Current Relay
  • 47 – Phase-Sequence or Phase-Balance Voltage Relay
  • 48 – Incomplete Sequence Relay
  • 49 – Machine or Transformer, Thermal Relay
  • 50 – Instantaneous Overcurrent Relay
  • 51 – AC Inverse Time Overcurrent Relay
  • 52 – AC Circuit Breaker
  • 53 – Exciter or DC Generator Relay
  • 54 – Turning Gear Engaging Device
  • 55 – Power Factor Relay
  • 56 – Field Application Relay
  • 57 – Short-Circuiting or Grounding Device
  • 58 – Rectification Failure Relay
  • 59 – Overvoltage Relay
  • 60 – Voltage or Current Balance Relay
  • 61 – Density Switch or Sensor
  • 62 – Time-Delay Stopping or Opening Relay
  • 63 – Pressure Switch
  • 64 – Ground Detector Relay
  • 65 – Governor
  • 66 – Notching or Jogging Device
  • 67 – AC Directional Overcurrent Relay
  • 68 – Blocking or "Out-of-Step" Relay
  • 69 – Permissive Control Device
  • 70 – Rheostat
  • 71 – Liquid Level Switch
  • 72 – DC Circuit Breaker
  • 73 – Load-Resistor Contactor
  • 74 – Alarm Relay
  • 75 – Position Changing Mechanism
  • 76 – DC Overcurrent Relay
  • 77 – Telemetering Device
  • 78 – Phase-Angle Measuring Relay
  • 79 – AC Reclosing Relay
  • 80 – Flow Switch
  • 81 – Frequency Relay
  • 82 – DC Reclosing Relay
  • 83 – Automatic Selective Control or Transfer Relay
  • 84 – Operating Mechanism
  • 85 – Communications,Carrier or Pilot-Wire Relay
  • 86 – Lockout Relay
  • 87 – Differential Protective Relay
  • 88 – Auxiliary Motor or Motor Generator
  • 89 – Line Switch
  • 90 – Regulating Device
  • 91 – Voltage Directional Relay
  • 92 – Voltage and Power Directional Relay
  • 93 – Field Changing Contactor
  • 94 – Tripping or Trip-Free Relay
  • 95 to 99 – For specific applications where other numbers are not suitable

* for a full definition of each function, please refer to the ANSI/IEEE C37.2 standard

Prefixes and Suffixes

Letters and numbers may be used as prefixes or suffixes to device function numbers to provide a more specific definition of the function. Prefixes and suffixes should, however, be used only when they accomplish a useful purpose.

Auxiliary devices

  • C - Closing relay/contactor
  • CL - Auxiliary relay, closed
  • CS - Control switch
  • D - "Down" position switch relay
  • L- Lowering relay
  • O - Opening relay/contactor 
  • OP - Auxiliary relay, open
  • PB - Push button 
  • R  - Raising relay 
  • U - "UP" position switch relay 
  • X  - Auxiliary relay 
  • Y - Auxiliary relay 
  • Z - Auxiliary relay

 

Actuating quantities

  • A -Air/amperes/alternating
  • C - Current
  • D - Direct/discharge
  • E - Electrolyte
  • F - Frequency/flow/fault
  • GP - Gas pressure
  • H - Explosive/harmonics
  • I0 - Zero sequence current
  • I-, I2 - Negative sequence current
  • I+, I1 - Positive sequence current
  • J - Differential
  • L - Level/liquid
  • P - Power/pressure
  • PF - Power factor
  • Q - Oil
  • S - Speed/suction/smoke
  • T - Temperature
  • V - Voltage/volts/vacuum
  • VAR -Reactive power
  • VB - Vibration
  • W - ater/watts

 

Other suffix letters

  • A - Accelerating, automatic
  • B - Blocking, backup
  • BF - Breaker failure
  • C - Close, cold
  • D - Decelerating, detonate, down, disengaged
  • E - Emergency, engaged
  • F - Failure, forward
  • GP - General purpose
  • H - Hot, high
  • HIZ - High impedance fault
  • HR - Hand reset
  • HS  - High speed
  • L - Left, local, low, lower, leading
  • M - Manual
  • O - Open, over
  • OFF - Off
  • ON - On
  • P - Polarizing
  • R - Right, raise, reclosing, receiving, remote, reverse
  • S - Sending, swing
  • SHS - Semi-high speed
  • T - Test, trip, trailing
  • TDC - Time-delay closing contact
  • TDDO - Time delayed relay coil drop-out
  • TDO - Time-delay opening contact
  • TDPU  - Time delayed relay coil pickup
  • THD  - Total harmonic distortion
  • U - Up, under

Main device

  • A - Alarm/auxiliary power 
  • AC - Alternating current 
  • AN - Anode 
  • B - Battery, blower, bus 
  • BK - Brake 
  • BL - Block (valve) 
  • BP - Bypass 
  • BT - Bus tie
  • C - Capacitor, condenser, compensator, carrier current, case, compressor 
  • CA - Cathode 
  • CH - Check (valve) 
  • D - Discharge (valve) 
  • DC - Direct current 
  • E - Exciter 
  • F - Feeder, field, filament, filter, fan
  • G - Generator/ground
  • H - Heater/housing
  • L - Line, logic
  • M - Motor, metering
  • MOC - Mechanism operated contact
  • N - Network, neutral
  • P - Pump, phase comparison
  • R - Reactor, rectifier, room
  • S - Synchronizing, secondary, strainer, sump ,suction (valve)
  • T -Transformer, thyratron
  • TH - Transformer (high-voltage side)
  • TL - Transformer (low-voltage side)
  • TM - Telemeter
  • TOC - Truck-operated contacts
  • TT - Transformer (tertiary-voltage side)
  • U - Unit

 

Main device parts

  • BK - Brake
  • C - Coil, condenser, capacitor
  • CC - Closing coil, closing contactor
  • HC - Holding coil
  • M - Operating motor
  • MF - Fly-ball motor
  • ML - Load-limit motor
  • MS - Speed adjusting or synchronizing motor
  • OC - Opening contactor
  • S - Solenoid
  • SI - Seal-in
  • T - Target
  • TC  Trip coil
  • V - Valve

 

Reference positions of devices

  • Adjusting means - Low or down position
  • Clutch  - Disengaged position
  • Contactor  - De-energized position
  • Contactor (latched-in type) - Main contacts open
  • Density switch  - Standard reference
  • Disconnecting switch  - Main contacts open
  • Flow detector  - Lowest flow
  • Gate  - Closed position
  • Level detector  - Lowest level
  • Load-break switch  - Main contacts open
  • Power circuit breaker - Main contacts open
  • Power electrodes - Maximum gap position
  • Pressure switch - Lowest pressure
  • Reclosure - Main contactor open
  • Relay  - De-energized position
  • Relay (latched-in type)
  • Rheostat  - Maximum resistance position
  • Speed switch - Lowest speed
  • Tap changer  - Center tap
  • Temperature relay - Lowest temperature
  • Turning gear - Disengaged position
  • Vacuum switch - Lowest pressure that is highest vacuum
  • Valve  - Closed position
  • Vibration detector - Minimum vibration

ANSI IEC Comparison

ANSI IEC 60617 Description
21FL FLOC Fault locator
21G Z< Underimpedance
24 U/f> Overexcitation
25 SYNC Synchronisation check
27 U< Undervoltage
32 P→ Directional power relay
   32P, P→, - active power
   32Q, Q→ - reactive powerpower
37 I< Non-directional undercurrent
40 X< Underexcitation
46 I2> Negative-phase sequence
47 U2> Phase-sequence voltage protection
48, 14, 66 Is²t,n< Start-up supervision for motors
49F Ith> Thermal protection for cables
49M/49G/49T thermal protection for machines Three-phase thermal protection for machines
   M - motor, G - generators, T - transformer
50N/51N I0> Non-directional earth-fault
51 I> Non-directional overcurrent
   51C, I> - shunt capacitors
   51V, I(U)> - voltage dependant
59 U> Overvoltage
   59N, U0> - residual overvoltage
67 I>→ Directional overcurrent
   67N, I0>→ - directional earth-fault
68 I2> Transformer/motor inrush current
79 0→1 Auto-reclosure
81 f Frequency relay
   81N, f< - underfrquency
   81O, f> - overfrequency
87 ΔI> Differential protection
   87G, ΔI> - generator
   87M, ΔI> - motor
   87T, ΔI> - transformer
   87N, ΔI0> - restricted earth fault

Notes: 
    1. for high set and instantaneous tripping, '>' can be replaced with '>>' or '>>'
 
    2. '3' can be placed before designations to indicate three phase, i.e. 3I<



Steven McFadyen's avatar Steven McFadyen

Steven has over twenty five years experience working on some of the largest construction projects. He has a deep technical understanding of electrical engineering and is keen to share this knowledge. About the author

myElectrical Engineering

comments powered by Disqus



Surface Treatment – Ladders, Trays and Baskets

Steel ladders, trays and baskets form the backbone of cable containment systems. Often these items need some form of surface treatment to prevent corrosion...

Understanding LV Circuit Breaker Fault Ratings

I think this post is going to be helpful to several of our readers. While the IEC low voltage circuit breaker Standard [IEC 60947-2, Low voltage switchgear...

Differential protection, the good old days

This morning I was explaining how differential protection works to a junior engineer. To give him something to read I opened up the NPAG (Network Protection...

What happened to the cable notes?

If you are wondering what happened to our cable notes, the short answer is that we have moved them to myCableEngineering.com.  The "Knowledge Base" at...

Cable Insulation Properties

Cable insulation is used to provide electrical separation between conductors of  a cable.  During the historical development of cables, numerous types...

Lithium Ion Battery

Over recent years the Lithium Ion battery has become popular in applications requiring high power densities with small weight and footprint.  Today Lithium...

Periodic Electrical Installation Inspection – How Often?

How often installations are inspected is up to the owner of the installation, provided such durations do not exceed any regulatory maximums in force. ...

Electromechanical Relays

Electromechanical relays have been the traditional backbone of electrical protection systems.  While over recent years these have been replaced by microprocessor...

Cost Performance and Time

Often us engineers get so bogged down in equations, using software, producing drawings and writing specifications that this becomes the sole focus.   ...

8 Motor parts and common faults

Straight forward list of some common motor faults.  If I have missed any other common faults, please take a bit of time to add them in as a comment below...

Have some knowledge to share

If you have some expert knowledge or experience, why not consider sharing this with our community.  

By writing an electrical note, you will be educating our users and at the same time promoting your expertise within the engineering community.

To get started and understand our policy, you can read our How to Write an Electrical Note