UPS Battery Sizing

By Steven McFadyen on 4/8/2012 8:36 AM

Various techniques exist to enable the correct selection of batteries for UPS applications.  The procedure described below is one of the more common. It is also possible to use the IEEE 485 method ... read more..


Photovoltaic (PV) - Electrical Calculations

By Steven McFadyen on 7/11/2013 9:46 AM

Photovoltaic (PV) cells (sometimes called solar cells) convert solar energy into electrical energy.  Every year more and more PV systems are installed.  With this growing application, it's ... read more..


The ac resistance of conductors

By Steven McFadyen on 1/11/2012 11:03 AM

In a previous article I looked at the dc resistance of conductors and in this article we turn our attention to a... read more..


The dc resistance of conductors

By Steven McFadyen on 1/5/2012 9:14 AM

This is the first of two posts on the resistance of conductors. In the next post I will look at the ac resistance, including skin effect and we deal with this. To get started, this post will look at the... read more..


Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC)

By Steven McFadyen on 7/10/2012 11:23 AM

Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is the study of coordinating electromagnetic fields give off equipment, with the withstand (compatibility) of other equipment within the vicinity. In it's simplest... read more..


How a Digital Substation Works

By Steven McFadyen on 3/2/2014 7:06 AM

Traditionally substations have used circuit breakers, current transformers (CT), voltage transformers (VT) and protection relays all wired together using copper cables.  With advances in digital... read more..


A mechanical engineering paper, some history and memories

By Steven McFadyen on 2/27/2014 7:38 AM

I was digging in my bookshelf and came across the 80th Anniversary Association of Mine Resident Engineers, Papers and Discussions Commemorative Edition (May 2004). Within it's dark covers, is a paper I ... read more..


Network Theory – Introduction and Review

By Steven McFadyen on 5/16/2012 1:02 PM

In electrical engineering, Network Theory is the study of how to solve circuit problems. By analyzing circuits, the engineer looks to determine the various voltages can currents with exist within the... read more..


Capacitor Theory

By Steven McFadyen on 6/12/2013 8:52 AM

Capacitors are widely used in electrical engineering for functions such as energy storage, power factor correction, voltage compensation and many others.  Capacitance is also inherent in any ele... read more..


What is Aircraft Ground Power

By Steven McFadyen on 4/11/2013 7:53 AM

Ever wondered what kind of power an aircraft uses when parked at the airport stand.

Normally the aircraft generates it own power, but when parked with the engines switched off power provided ... read more..


Battery Sizing

By Steven McFadyen on 4/8/2012 8:34 AM

This article gives an introduction to IEEE 485 method for the selection and calculation of battery capacity.

read more..


Voltage Levels – Confused?

By Steven McFadyen on 3/22/2009 10:06 PM

I was having a conversation the other day about voltage levels.  While everyone was in agreement that low voltage was 1000 V and less, there was more confusion on the terms 'Medium Voltage' and ... read more..


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